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Through the eyes of celebraties

Jan Hus

Jan Hus

* 1370 Husinec - † 7/7/1415 Kostnice

Czech medieval religious thinker, preacher and Roman Catholic priest. One of the first church reformers, who was inspired by John Wycliff. The Catholic church called him a heretic, he was convicted by the Council of Constance and burnt at the stake.

Jára Cimrman

Jára Cimrman

According to some scholars, a long forgotten and then rediscovered Czech genius from the turn of the 20th century. He excelled in many fields. He was a great playwright, philosopher, amateur gynaecologist, skier, close friend and teacher of Albert Einstein, inventor, daltonist and close friend of T.A. Edison. According to other people, he never actually existed and was the invention of the theatre bearing his name.

Taťána Kuchařová

Taťána Kuchařová

* 12/24/1987 Trnava

One of the most successful Czech models from the east Bohemian town of Opoćno. She won the Miss Czech Republic title in 2006, Miss Sympathy of the Czech Republic 2006 and above all the Miss World 2006 title (on 30 September 2006 she beat 103 competitors from around the world in the finals).

František Kupka

František Kupka

* 9/24/1871 Opočno - † 6/25/1957 Puteaux

Renowned 20th century artist, one of the founders of modern abstract art. He spent his childhood in Dobruška (1872-1889), where he also trained as a saddler and strap maker. He studied art in Jaroměř, later on in Prague, Vienna and Paris. He also lived in Paris at intervals from 1895 until his death.

Max Švabinský

Max Švabinský

* 9/18/1873 Kroměříž - † 2/11/1962 Praha

He was one of the most important Czech artists of the twentieth century, admired for his remarkable drawing skill and the diversity of his graphic techniques. He was responsible to a great extent for bringing the Czech creative arts to the attention of Europe. Beginning at the end of the 1890's Švabinský and his wife Ela often spent time with the Vejrych family in Kozlov near Česká Třebová. In 1910 Švabinský was appointed as professor of the Prague Academy. In 1917 he expanded his artistic expressions to include woodcuts in Elysian Sonatas. He is also the author of a mosaic for the National Monument on the Žižkov hilltop, made drawings for three stained-glass windows at St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague, and created miniature graphic works for postage stamps. Max Švabinský worked nearly up to his death on February 10, 1962 in Prague.

Jan Adam Ondřej z Lichtenštejna

Jan Adam Ondřej z Lichtenštejna

* 12/1/1657 Brno - † 6/11/1712 Vídeň

The third Lichtenstein prince was a very good economist and financier, a great fan and supporter of art, especially painting and architecture. In 1694 he received the Merit Order of the Knights of the Golden Fleece. In 1699 he acquired the Schellenberg estate and in 1212 the County of Vaduz. Later on, this territory formed a part of the present day Principality of Lichtenstein. He was one of the most generous patrons of his time.

Jiří z Poděbrad

Jiří z Poděbrad

* 4/24/1420 Poděbrady - † 3/23/1471 Praha

The only Czech monarch who did not come from a monarchical dynasty. He avoided non-radical Calixtines. In 1452 he conquered Tabor, thereby liquidating the Taborites as a political and religious group. In the very same year he became the administrator of the Czech kingdom during the reign of minor Ladislav Pohrobka.

Karel IV.

Karel IV.

* 5/15/1316 Praha - † 11/30/1378 Praha

The most significant European monarch of late medieval times, Roman emperor and Czech king, he was nicknamed the “Father of the Homeland.” During his reign the Czech monarchy became the centre of Europe, Prague was the royal seat of the city of the Holy Roman Empire. The country underwent incredible economic, artistic and cultural development. He brought Czech monarchy to its climax. Charles IV is buried in the sarchophagus in the middle of the royal crypt in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague Castle.

Karel Jan Schwarzenberg

Karel Jan Schwarzenberg

* 12/11/1937 Praha

He comes from the Orlicky branch of the Schwarzenberg family. He was the Head of the President of ČSFR's Office, the president's chancellor, the chairman of the International Helsinki Federation for human rights. He is the current senator and minister of foreign affairs, co-owner of the company Jan Becher - Carlsbad becherovka, the owner of 300 ha of ponds in the CR and Chateau Orlik.

Karel sr. of Žerotín

Karel sr. of Žerotín

* 9/16/1564 Brandýs nad Orlicí - † 10/10/1636 Přerov

One of the most significant figures in the Pre-White Mountain period, nobleman, politician and writer. In 1595 he led the Moravian movement in battle against the Turks. From 1608 he was the Moravian district marshal. He took part in establishing the Austro-Hungarian-Moravian confederation in support of Matyáš, who was in conflict with Rudolph II.

Přemysl Otakar II

Přemysl Otakar II

* 1233 Městec Králové - † 1278 Suché Kruty

Přemysl Otakar II, known as the iron and golden king, born around 1233 as the second son of King Václav I and Kunhuta Štaufská, was the fifth Czech king from the Přemyslid family (crowned in 1261) and a powerful Central European sovereign who temporarily connected Austrian lands to Bohemia after the Babenburg family died out. However, these lands were not held long against the advancing Hapsburgs, and Přemysl Otakar II was killed during his retreat from the Battle of the Marchfeld, after having been defeated by Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph I.

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

* 3/8/1850 Hodonín - † 9/15/1937 Lány

The first Czechoslovakian president, Czech philosopher, pedagogue, politician, scientist and journalist. He spent his youth in Čejkovice. He entered the political and social scene during the Austrian monarchy. During World War I he organised anti-Austrian resistance towards establishing an independent Republic of Czechoslovakia. He was the President of Czechoslovakia from 1918 and abdicated in 1935 due to old age.

Jan Marek Marci

Jan Marek Marci

* 6/14/1595 Lanškroun - † 4/11/1667 Praha

Marci was born 13.6.1595 in Lanškroun as the son of the caretaker the Litomyšl domain estates. He became a scientist of European fame at a young age. Involved in the refraction of light before I. Newton, Marci is regarded as the founder of spectroscopy. He used a pendulum to measure time. When Charles University was handed over to the Jesuits on 14.11.1622 (they re-opened four faculties, including law and medicine), Prague doctors were immediately named professors; among the first was Marci. In addition to teaching and conducting his own work, he dedicated himself to astronomy at night. In 1626 Marci was named the Czech royal physicist. Nine years later he organized the defence of the Old Town against the Swedes and led the medical services during the battle on Charles Bridge, for which he was named a royal advisor. In 1654 Marci was bestowed the rank of palsgrave and was elevated to the status of lower Czech nobility. Four years later he became the personal physician of Emperor Ferdinand III, and in 1662 he was appointed as the chancellor of the university. At this time he allegedly turned down an offer to become an Oxford University professor.

Jaroslav Kulhavý

Jaroslav Kulhavý

* 1/9/1985 Ústí nad Orlicí

An Olympian representing the Czech Republic in cycling. He is the junior champion of Europe and the world in 2003 and the bronze medalist of the World Championships in 2007 in the category of 23 years old and under. In 2010 and 2011 he won the European Championships gold medal. In 2011, he not only became the overall winner of the World Cup, but he also won the title of world champion. The sporting highlight of Usti's native is the Olympic gold medal in London 2012 for MTB - cross country.

Lukáš Novák

Lukáš Novák

* 7/23/1983 Ústí nad Orlicí

The absolute leader in fire sport, multiple European champion and world champion. Invincible in the toughest firefighting races of TFA - the toughest firefighter survives.

Roman Šebrle

Roman Šebrle

* 11/27/1974 Lanškroun

Czech multidiscipline athlete and Olympic champion from 2004. He was the first to reach 9000 points in decathlon. With 9026 points he created a world record in Gotzis on the 26th and 27th of May 2001, which was not overcome for 11 years.

Jan Amos Comenius

Jan Amos Comenius

* 3/29/1592 Nivnice - † 11/16/1670 Amsterdam

He spent his childhood in Uherský Brod. He attended the Moravian Church school in Přerov in 1608 – 1611, and later studied in Herborn and Heidelberg. In 1616 he was ordained as a minister and two years later he became pastor of the Moravian Church congregation in Fulnek. After White Mountain he was forced into hiding and most often stayed at the castle of Charles the Elder of Žerotín in Brandýs. His wife and two of his children died, and during this difficult period he wrote Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart, which is probably his best-known work. In 1628 he left his native country for good and went to Lesna, Poland, where he lived and worked until 1656. A fire in the town cost Comenius his entire library and most of his manuscripts; he left home once again and made his way to Amsterdam. His time there was the peak of his scientific and literary activities; Comenius published approximately 62 books while living in Amsterdam. His inclinations toward irrationalism and faith in prophecy and visions also became stronger. At this time he also composed several religious tracts, polemics, and even political treatises. Not all of these met with understanding.

Karel sr. of Žerotín

Karel sr. of Žerotín

* 9/16/1564 Brandýs nad Orlicí - † 10/10/1636 Přerov

One of the most significant figures in the Pre-White Mountain period, nobleman, politician and writer. In 1595 he led the Moravian movement in battle against the Turks. From 1608 he was the Moravian district marshal. He took part in establishing the Austro-Hungarian-Moravian confederation in support of Matyáš, who was in conflict with Rudolph II.

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